RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Is placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP) a useful marker for seminoma?

The usefulness of placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP) as a tumour marker was assessed in 1578 serum samples from 236 patients with seminoma. Smoking habits were known for all but 7 patients (22 samples). Smoking was associated with significantly higher mean levels of PLAP in disease-free patients (28.8 [S.E. 2.1] U/l vs. 15.9 [1.3] U/l in non-smokers). Mean PLAP levels were higher in patients with active disease (78.6 [23.5] U/l in non-smokers and 47.2 [18.5] U/l in smokers). The median values showed a similar trend. However, there was considerable overlap between the various groups and differences between mean and median values indicated that PLAP values were distributed asymmetrically. The predictive value of PLAP as a tumour marker was consequently much less than superficial inspection of these values might suggest. In 97 patients on surveillance, only 2 out of 11 patients who relapsed had elevated PLAP at the time of clinically detectable relapse. With the upper limit of normal PLAP quoted by our laboratory (35 U/l), specificity and sensitivity were, respectively, 88% and 45% (all patients) and 96% and 47% (non-smokers). The sensitivity and specificity of PLAP were assessed in more detail for a series of threshold values (normal vs. abnormal) with a graphical method. Only in non-smokers did PLAP seem useful and even in this group the positive predictive value of an "abnormal" test may be low; less than 50% in clinically relevant circumstances. Serum PLAP assay cannot usefully stand alone as a marker for seminoma and its routine estimation contributes little to follow-up.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app