JOURNAL ARTICLE

In vivo inhibition of human CD19-targeted effector T cells by natural T regulatory cells in a xenotransplant murine model of B cell malignancy

James C Lee, Erik Hayman, Hollie J Pegram, Elmer Santos, Glenn Heller, Michel Sadelain, Renier Brentjens
Cancer Research 2011 April 15, 71 (8): 2871-81
21487038
Human T cells genetically modified to express chimeric antigen receptors (CAR) specific to the B cell tumor antigen CD19 can successfully eradicate systemic human CD19(+) tumors in immunocompromised SCID (severe combined immunodeficient)-Beige mice. However, in the clinical setting, CD4(+) CD25(hi) T regulatory cells (Treg) present within the tumor microenvironment may be potent suppressors of tumor-targeted effector T cells. In order to assess the impact of Tregs on CAR-modified T cells in the SCID-Beige xenotransplant model, we isolated, genetically targeted and expanded natural T regulatory cells (nTreg). In vitro nTregs modified to express CD19-targeted CARs efficiently inhibited the proliferation of activated human T cells, as well as the capacity of CD19-targeted 19-28z(+) effector T cells to lyse CD19(+) Raji tumor cells. Intravenous infusion of CD19-targeted nTregs into SCID-Beige mice with systemic Raji tumors traffic to sites of tumor and recapitulate a clinically relevant hostile tumor microenvironment. Antitumor efficacy of subsequently infused 19-28z(+) effector T cells was fully abrogated as assessed by long-term survival of treated mice. Optimal suppression by genetically targeted nTregs was dependent on nTreg to effector T-cell ratios and in vivo nTreg activation. Prior infusion of cyclophosphamide in the setting of this nTreg-mediated hostile microenvironment was able to restore the antitumor activity of subsequently infused 19-28z(+) effector T cells through the eradication of tumor-targeted nTregs. These findings have significant implications for the design of future clinical trials utilizing CAR-based adoptive T-cell therapies of cancer.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21487038
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"