JOURNAL ARTICLE

Role of LOX/COX pathways in 3-nitropropionic acid-induced Huntington's disease-like symptoms in rats: protective effect of licofelone

Puneet Kumar, Harikesh Kalonia, Anil Kumar
British Journal of Pharmacology 2011, 164 (2b): 644-54
21486276

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Huntington's disease (HD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a degeneration of striatal neurons. The possible role of COX and lipoxygenase (LOX) pathways has been well-documented in the pathology of several neurodegenerative disorders including HD. Licofelone is a competitive inhibitor of COX-1- and COX-2 and 5-LOX isoenzymes. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate possible neuroinflammatory and apoptotic mechanisms in the neuroprotective effect of licofelone against 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP)-induced HD-like symptoms in rats.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Rats were administered 3-NP (10 mg·kg⁻¹ day⁻¹, i.p.) for 14 days. Licofelone (2.5, 5 and 10 mg·kg⁻¹, p.o.) was given once a day, 1 h before 3-NP treatment for 14 days. Body weight and behavioural parameters (locomotor and rotarod activity) were assessed on the 1st, 5th, 10th and 15th day post-3-NP administration. Malondialdehyde, nitrite concentration, endogenous antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase and catalase levels), mitochondrial enzyme complexes, pro-inflammatory compounds (TNF-α, IL-6, NF-κB), PGs (PGE₂ and PGF(2α)) and caspase-3 activity were measured on day 15 in the striatum.

KEY RESULTS: Systemic 3-NP treatment significantly reduced body weight, locomotor activity, oxidative defence, mitochondrial enzyme complex activities and increased TNF-α, IL-6, caspase-3 activity, NF-κB and PGE₂ and PGF(2α) levels in the striatum. Licofelone (2.5, 5 and 10 mg·kg⁻¹) significantly attenuated the impairment in behavioural, biochemical and mitochondrial, pro-inflammatory and pro-apoptotic markers as compared with vehicle-treated group.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The results demonstrate the involvement of pro-inflammatory compounds and the apoptotic cascade in the neuroprotective effect of licofelone against 3-NP-induced neurotoxicity.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21486276
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"