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Synthesis of novel 1,2,4-oxadiazoles and analogues as potential anticancer agents

Dalip Kumar, Gautam Patel, Angela K Chavers, Kuei-Hua Chang, Kavita Shah
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 2011, 46 (7): 3085-92
A library of 3,5-disubstituted-1,2,4-oxadiazoles 7-9 and their bioisosters, 1,3,4-oxadiazole 14 and 1,3,4-thiadiazole 16, were synthesized and evaluated in vitro for their anticancer potential against a panel of six human cancer cell lines. The key step in the synthesis of oxadiazoles 7-9 involve coupling of amidoxime 6 with an appropriate carboxylic acid followed by thermal cyclization. The bioisosteres, 1,3,4-oxadiazole 14 and 1,3,4-thiadiazole 16 were prepared from the reaction of a common precursor diacylhydrazine 13 with thionyl chloride and Lawesson's reagent, respectively. The anticancer studies on the synthesized compounds revealed that presence of a cyclopentyloxy or n-butyloxy on the C-3 aryl ring and piperdin-4-yl or trichloromethyl at the C-5 position of 1,2,4-oxadiazole is essential for good activity. In particular, 1,2,4-oxadiazole 7i and analogue 1,3,4-thiadiazole 16 exhibited significant activity against DU145 (IC(50): 9.3 μM) and MDA-MB-231 (IC(50): 9.2 μM) cell lines, respectively.


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