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An unusual case of pediatric painless ophthalmoplegia

K Spiteri Cornish, D Spiteri Cornish, M Vella
Seminars in Ophthalmology 2011, 26 (2): 47-9
Acquired unilateral ophthalmoplegia in childhood has many potential causes. Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome is characterized by painful ophthalmoplegia caused by nonspecific inflammation of cavernous sinus or superior orbital fissure. It is rarely present in children. Corticosteroid treatment is the current mainstay of treatment but cases of THS that failed to respond to steroids have been reported. We report a case of cavernous sinus pseudotumour presenting as a painless ophthalmoplegia in a child, in which complete resolution was spontaneous. To our knowledge, such a case has never been reported in the literature.


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