Proteomic identification of an embryo-specific 1Cys-Prx promoter and analysis of its activity in transgenic rice

Je Hein Kim, In Jung Jung, Dool Yi Kim, Wahyu Indra Fanata, Bo Hwa Son, Jae Yong Yoo, Rikno Harmoko, Ki Seong Ko, Jeong Chan Moon, Ho Hee Jang, Woe Yeon Kim, Jae-Yean Kim, Chae Oh Lim, Sang Yeol Lee, Kyun Oh Lee
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2011 April 29, 408 (1): 78-83
Proteomic analysis of a rice callus led to the identification of 10 abscisic acid (ABA)-induced proteins as putative products of the embryo-specific promoter candidates. 5'-flanking sequence of 1 Cys-Prx, a highly-induced protein gene, was cloned and analyzed. The transcription initiation site of 1 Cys-Prx maps 96 nucleotides upstream of the translation initiation codon and a TATA-box and putative seed-specific cis-acting elements, RYE and ABRE, are located 26, 115 and 124 bp upstream of the transcription site, respectively. β-glucuronidase (GUS) expression driven by the 1 Cys-Prx promoters was strong in the embryo and aleurone layer and the activity reached up to 24.9 ± 3.3 and 40.5 ± 2.1 pmol (4 MU/min/μg protein) in transgenic rice seeds and calluses, respectively. The activity of the 1 Cys-Prx promoters is much higher than that of the previously-identified embryo-specific promoters, and comparable to that of strong endosperm-specific promoters in rice. GUS expression driven by the 1 Cys-Prx promoters has been increased by ABA treatment and rapidly induced by wounding in callus and at the leaf of the transgenic plants, respectively. Furthermore, ectopic expression of the GUS construct in Arabidopsis suggested that the 1 Cys-Prx promoter also has strong activity in seeds of dicot plants.

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