Validation of the smallest pocket echoscopic device's diagnostic capabilities in heart investigation

Stephane Lafitte, Nazim Alimazighi, Patricia Reant, Marina Dijos, Amira Zaroui, Aude Mignot, Marianne Lafitte, Xavier Pillois, Raymond Roudaut, Anthony DeMaria
Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 2011, 37 (5): 798-804
We hypothesized that, based on greyscale imaging and color Doppler capabilities, a new pocket ultrasound device (PUD) could accurately record cardiologic diagnostic findings. One hundred patients referred for conventional clinical indications underwent a standard echocardiography. Subsequently, a second physician blinded to the results performed an evaluation using the PUD on the same patients. Study end-points were echocardiographic window quality; left ventricular (LV) morphology; function; hypertrophy; right ventricular, atrial and vena caval morphologies; aortic and mitral valvulopathies; and pericardial structure. Using a scale of three grades, concordance in image quality proved good with a kappa coefficient (κ) of 0.71. Concordances between systems were excellent for LV function and morphology (κ = 0.91 and 0.96). Concordance for LV hypertrophy was good (κ = 0.74). Concordances for mitral regurgitation grades were 0.90, 0.95 and 1.00, respectively. In conclusion, a new PUD enabled scanning examinations, which showed good concordance of basic and qualitative diagnostic capability to standard echocardiographic instruments.

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