Managing mesh erosion after abdominal pelvic organ prolapse repair: ten years' experience in a single center

Elisabetta Costantini, Alessandro Zucchi, Massimo Lazzeri, Michele Del Zingaro, Alberto Vianello, Massimo Porena
Urologia Internationalis 2011, 86 (4): 419-23

OBJECTIVE: To report conservative and surgical strategies for treatment of mesh erosion after pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair.

METHODS: Between 1998 and 2008, 179 patients underwent integral pelvic floor reconstruction for advanced POP in our tertiary urogynecological unit. Patients' charts and follow-up data were entered into a computerized database and data analysis performed to search for mesh erosion/complications/surgery.

RESULTS: 12 patients were diagnosed and treated for mesh erosion: in 10 of 179, surgery was performed in our department and the mesh used was polypropylene (PP): 3 after colposacropexy (CSP) (5.5%), 5 after CSP + hysterectomy (Hys) (6.5%), and 2 after hysterosacropexy (HSP) (3.9%); in 1 case, Gore-tex mesh was used, and another case had undergone CSP in another hospital using PP mesh. Time to mesh erosion ranged from 2 to 66 months (mean 22.9), with 4 erosions (33%) within 6 months of POP repair. In 4 asymptomatic patients (33%) erosion was incidentally discovered during clinical check-ups at 4, 31, 36 and 66 months. Five cases (41%) presented with occasional vaginal bleeding, associated with dyspareunia in 2. Treatments were individualized but in all cases conservative treatment was unable to resolve the complications and surgery was needed. At a mean follow-up of 57 months (range 18-120) after surgical treatment all patients were asymptomatic and free from erosions.

CONCLUSIONS: The surgeon who approaches management of complications after abdominal/laparoscopic sacropexy should possess a comprehensive understanding of pelvic floor anatomy and surgical skills in order to individualize the management of such complications.

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