JOURNAL ARTICLE

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1alpha controls transcription of the Sirt3 gene, an essential component of the thermogenic brown adipocyte phenotype

Albert Giralt, Elayne Hondares, Josep A Villena, Francesc Ribas, Julieta Díaz-Delfín, Marta Giralt, Roser Iglesias, Francesc Villarroya
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2011 May 13, 286 (19): 16958-66
21454513
Sirt3 (silent mating type information regulation 2, homolog 3), a member of the sirtuin family of protein deacetylases with multiple actions on metabolism and gene expression is expressed in association with brown adipocyte differentiation. Using Sirt3-null brown adipocytes, we determined that Sirt3 is required for an appropriate responsiveness of cells to noradrenergic, cAMP-mediated activation of the expression of brown adipose tissue thermogenic genes. The transcriptional coactivator Pgc-1α (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α) induced Sirt3 gene expression in white adipocytes and embryonic fibroblasts as part of its overall induction of a brown adipose tissue-specific pattern of gene expression. In cells lacking Sirt3, Pgc-1α failed to fully induce the expression of brown fat-specific thermogenic genes. Pgc-1α activates Sirt3 gene transcription through coactivation of the orphan nuclear receptor Err (estrogen-related receptor)-α, which bound the proximal Sirt3 gene promoter region. Errα knockdown assays indicated that Errα is required for full induction of Sirt3 gene expression in response to Pgc-1α. The present results indicate that Pgc-1α controls Sirt3 gene expression and this action is an essential component of the overall mechanisms by which Pgc-1α induces the full acquisition of a brown adipocyte differentiated phenotype.

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