JOURNAL ARTICLE

Memory load affects visual search processes without influencing search efficiency

Grayden J F Solman, J Allan Cheyne, Daniel Smilek
Vision Research 2011 May 25, 51 (10): 1185-91
21426915
Participants' eye-movements were monitored while they searched for a target among a varying number of distractors either with or without a concurrent memory load. Consistent with previous findings, adding a memory load slowed response times without affecting search slopes; a finding normally taken to imply that memory load affects pre- and/or post-search processes but not the search process itself. However, when overall response times were decomposed using eye-movement data into pre-search (e.g., initial encoding), search, and post-search (e.g., response selection) phases, analysis revealed that adding a memory load affected all phases, including the search phase. In addition, we report that fixations selected under load were more likely to be distant from search items, and more likely to be close to previously inspected locations. Thus, memory load affects the search process without affecting search slopes. These results challenge standard interpretations of search slopes and main effects in visual search.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21426915
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"