[Study on mesh-augmented vaginal reconstructive surgery in treatment of pelvic organ prolapse]

Jin-song Han, Kun Zhang, Fu-li Zhu, Ying Yao, Hua-mao Liang, Li-fei Zhou, Hong-yan Guo
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi 2011, 46 (2): 101-4

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical outcome and complications of mesh-augmented vaginal reconstructive surgery in treatment of pelvic organ prolapse.

METHODS: From Feb 2007 to Jan 2009, mesh-augmented vaginal reconstructive surgery were performed on 66 women with pelvic organ prolapse stage III-IV. Pre and postoperative symptoms, pelvic organ prolapse quantitation (POP-Q) stage and pelvic floor distress inventory-short form 20 (PFDI-20) measurements were studied to assess anatomic and quality-of-life outcome. Operative complications were also analyzed.

RESULTS: Totally 65 patients underwent successful surgeries. The rate of follow-up was 97% (63/65) with a median follow-up of 17.2 months. Subjective cure rate and objective cure rate were both 97% (61/63) at 6 and 12 months after surgeries, 51 women completed PFDI-20 measurements and scores were 102 ± 50 before surgery, 16 ± 21 at 6 months and 15 ± 20 at 12 months. It reached statistical difference when scores were compared before and after surgeries (P < 0.05). Among 66 patients, 2 patients underwent organ injuries, 2 had recurrent prolapse, 4 had mesh-related complications and 1 had severe de novo stress urinary incontinence. Six patients underwent second surgery.

CONCLUSIONS: Mesh-augmented vaginal reconstructive surgery in treatment of pelvic organ prolapsed brought satisfied clinical outcome. The incidence of mesh-related complications was low and secondary operative interventions were effective.

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