JOURNAL ARTICLE

Embedded-atom-method interatomic potentials from lattice inversion

Xiao-Jian Yuan, Nan-Xian Chen, Jiang Shen, Wangyu Hu
Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal 2010 September 22, 22 (37): 375503
21403199
The present work develops a physically reliable procedure for building the embedded-atom-method (EAM) interatomic potentials for the metals with fcc, bcc and hcp structures. This is mainly based on Chen-Möbius lattice inversion (Chen et al 1997 Phys. Rev. E 55 R5) and first-principles calculations. Following Baskes (Baskes et al 2007 Phys. Rev. B 75 094113), this new version of the EAM eliminates all of the prior arbitrary choices in the determination of the atomic electron density and pair potential functions. Parameterizing the universal form deduced from the calculations within the density-functional scheme for homogeneous electron gas as the embedding function, the new-type EAM potentials for Cu, Fe and Ti metals have successfully been constructed by considering interatomic interactions up to the fifth neighbor, the third neighbor and the seventh neighbor, respectively. The predictions of elastic constants, structural energy difference, vacancy formation energy and migration energy, activation energy of vacancy diffusion, latent heat of melting and relative volume change on melting all satisfactorily agree with the experimental results available or first-principles calculations. The predicted surface energies for low-index crystal faces and the melting point are in agreement with the experimental data to the same extent as those calculated by other EAM-type potentials such as the FBD-EAM, 2NN MEAM and MS-EAM. In addition, the order among the predicted low-index surface energies is also consistent with the experimental information.

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