Withaferin A down-regulates lipopolysaccharide-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression and PGE2 production through the inhibition of STAT1/3 activation in microglial cells

Kyoung-Jin Min, Kyounghwa Choi, Taeg Kyu Kwon
International Immunopharmacology 2011, 11 (8): 1137-42
Microglia are the major immune effector cells in the brain, and microglia activated by injury and infection can produce inflammatory mediators. A number of studies have reported that withaferin A has anti-inflammatory functions. However, the effects of withaferin A on the microglial inflammatory response have not been investigated. Our results show that withaferin A inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 mRNA and protein expression and prostaglandin E2 (PGE(2)) production in BV2 murine microglial cells. Withaferin A had no effect on LPS-induced Akt and ERK phosphorylation, but phosphorylation of p38 and JNK was slightly decreased by withaferin A. Withaferin A significantly inhibited LPS-induced STAT1 and STAT3 phosphorylation in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, withaferin A inhibited nuclear translocation of STAT1 and interferon-gamma activated sequence (GAS)-promoter activity. Taken together, these results suggest that withaferin A inhibits LPS-induced PGE(2) production and COX-2 expression, at least in part, by blocking STAT1 and STAT3 activation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"