JOURNAL ARTICLE

Withaferin A down-regulates lipopolysaccharide-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression and PGE2 production through the inhibition of STAT1/3 activation in microglial cells

Kyoung-Jin Min, Kyounghwa Choi, Taeg Kyu Kwon
International Immunopharmacology 2011, 11 (8): 1137-42
21396905
Microglia are the major immune effector cells in the brain, and microglia activated by injury and infection can produce inflammatory mediators. A number of studies have reported that withaferin A has anti-inflammatory functions. However, the effects of withaferin A on the microglial inflammatory response have not been investigated. Our results show that withaferin A inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 mRNA and protein expression and prostaglandin E2 (PGE(2)) production in BV2 murine microglial cells. Withaferin A had no effect on LPS-induced Akt and ERK phosphorylation, but phosphorylation of p38 and JNK was slightly decreased by withaferin A. Withaferin A significantly inhibited LPS-induced STAT1 and STAT3 phosphorylation in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, withaferin A inhibited nuclear translocation of STAT1 and interferon-gamma activated sequence (GAS)-promoter activity. Taken together, these results suggest that withaferin A inhibits LPS-induced PGE(2) production and COX-2 expression, at least in part, by blocking STAT1 and STAT3 activation.

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