Mannan-binding lectin directly interacts with Toll-like receptor 4 and suppresses lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory cytokine secretion from THP-1 cells

Mingyong Wang, Yue Chen, Yani Zhang, Liyun Zhang, Xiao Lu, Zhengliang Chen
Cellular & Molecular Immunology 2011, 8 (3): 265-75
Mannan-binding lectin (MBL) plays a key role in the lectin pathway of complement activation and can influence cytokine expression. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is expressed extensively and has been demonstrated to be involved in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced signaling. We first sought to determine whether MBL exposure could modulate LPS-induced inflammatory cytokine secretion and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activity by using the monocytoid cell line THP-1. We then investigated the possible mechanisms underlying any observed regulatory effect. Using ELISA and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis, we found that at both the protein and mRNA levels, treatment with MBL suppresses LPS-induced tumor-necrosis factor (TNF)-α and IL-12 production in THP-1 cells. An electrophoretic mobility shift assay and western blot analysis revealed that MBL treatment can inhibit LPS-induced NF-κB DNA binding and translocation in THP-1 cells. While the binding of MBL to THP-1 cells was evident at physiological calcium concentrations, this binding occurred optimally in response to supraphysiological calcium concentrations. This binding can be partly inhibited by treatment with either a soluble form of recombinant TLR4 extracellular domain or anti-TLR4 monoclonal antibody (HTA125). Activation of THP-1 cells by LPS treatment resulted in increased MBL binding. We also observed that MBL could directly bind to the extracellular domain of TLR4 in a dose-dependent manner, and this interaction could attenuate the binding of LPS to cell surfaces. Taken together, these data suggest that MBL may affect cytokine expression through modulation of LPS-/TLR-signaling pathways. These findings suggest that MBL may play an important role in both immune regulation and the signaling pathways involved in cytokine networks.

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