Thymoquinone ameliorates chemical induced oxidative stress and β-cell damage in experimental hyperglycemic rats

Chandrasekaran Sankaranarayanan, Leelavinothan Pari
Chemico-biological Interactions 2011 April 25, 190 (2-3): 148-54
The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of thymoquinone (TQ) on pancreatic insulin levels, tissue antioxidant and lipid peroxidation (LPO) status in streptozotocin (STZ) nicotinamide (NA) induced diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced in experimental rats by a single intraperitoneal (i.p) injection of STZ (45 mg/kg b.w) dissolved in 0.1 mol/L citrate buffer (pH 4.5), 15 min after the i.p administration of NA (110 mg/kg b.w). Diabetic rats exhibited increased blood glucose with significant decrease in plasma insulin levels. The activities of antioxidant enzymes catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and the levels of low-molecular weight antioxidants Vitamin C, Vitamin E and reduced glutathione (GSH) were decreased while increases in the levels of lipid peroxidation markers were observed in liver and kidney tissues of diabetic control rats as compared to control rats. In addition, diabetic rats showed an obvious decrease in pancreatic insulin levels. Administration of TQ (80 mg/kg b.w) to diabetic rats for 45 days significantly reversed the damage associated with diabetes. Biochemical findings were supported by histological studies. These results indicated that TQ exerts a protective action on pancreatic beta cell function and overcomes oxidative stress through its antioxidant properties.

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