Angiotensin II increases periostin expression via Ras/p38 MAPK/CREB and ERK1/2/TGF-β1 pathways in cardiac fibroblasts

Li Li, Dong Fan, Cheng Wang, Jin-Yu Wang, Xiao-Bing Cui, Dan Wu, Yun Zhou, Li-Ling Wu
Cardiovascular Research 2011 July 1, 91 (1): 80-9

AIMS: Angiotensin II (AngII) is involved in extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation contributing to heart failure. Periostin, a 90 kDa ECM protein, is a key regulator of cardiac fibrosis, and its expression is significantly higher in failing hearts. We determined the modulatory effect of AngII on periostin level and explored the possible signal transduction mechanism.

METHODS AND RESULTS: AngII (400 ng/kg/min) or normal saline was infused subcutaneously for 28 days into rats; AngII antagonism was with losartan (10 mg/kg/day orally). AngII infusion induced cardiac fibrosis and increased periostin expression, which was attenuated by losartan. In cultured adult rat cardiac fibroblasts, AngII promoted the mRNA and protein expression of periostin. AngII provoked activation of cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB), and CREB small interfering RNA (siRNA) suppressed AngII-induced periostin expression. Inhibition of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) with SB202190 attenuated AngII-induced CREB activation and periostin expression. Transfection with Ras guanyl-releasing protein 1 siRNA or RasN17 dominant-negative plasmid prevented AngII-induced p38 MAPK phosphorylation and periostin expression. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 antibody decreased the stimulatory effect of AngII on periostin expression. The extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) inhibitor PD98059 attenuated AngII-induced TGF-β1 expression, Smad2/3 nuclear accumulation, and periostin expression.

CONCLUSION: The activation of the Ras/p38 MAPK/CREB pathway is required for AngII-induced periostin expression. ERK1/2 also participates in AngII-induced periostin expression by regulating TGF-β1/Smad signalling.

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