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JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

[Risk factors of pelvic organ prolapsed in women qualified to reconstructive surgery—the Polish multicenter study]

Tomasz Rechberger, Paweł Miotła, Konrad Futyma, Aleksandra Bartuzi, Antoni Basta, Marcin Opławski, Klaudia Stangel-Wójcikiewicz, Włodzimierz Baranowski, Jacek Doniec, Artur Rogowski, Andrzej Starczewski, Jolanta Nawrocka-Rutkowska, Joanna Borowiak, Jerzy Sikora, Igor Bakon, Jacek Magnucki, Andrzej Witek, Agnieszka Drosdol, Agnieszka Solecka, Andrzej Malinowski, Wojciech Ordon, Artur Jakimiuk, Wojciech Borucki, Radosław Rodzoch
Ginekologia Polska 2010, 81 (11): 821-7
21365897

AIM OF STUDY: To evaluate the prevalence rate of various pelvic floor disorders among patients treated in 8 academic centers in Poland due to pelvic organ prolapse (POP).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 717 women scheduled for reconstructive surgery due to POP. Risk factors, functional abnormalities along with symptoms affecting quality of life, were assessed by means of disease specific questionnaire. The stage of the disease was assessed after gynecological examination using POP-Q score.

RESULTS: The mean age of affected women with POP was 61,25 years (median 61), and mean BMI--27.62 (median--27.29). 80% of women were menopausal. Mean time of symptoms related to disease was 65,6 months; whereas the time relapsed from first doctor diagnosis of POP to hospital admission was 50.6 months. 97.4% affected women were multiparous. Only 1.21% women with POP were nulliparous. Family history of prolapse was found in 13.4% of patients, whereas familial positive history of urinary incontinence was 10%. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) among the analyzed group were as follows: frequency--almost 50%, urgency 32.2%, feeling of improper voiding -29,6% and voiding difficulty -17.7%. Functional disorders of lower bowel were found in 43% of patients and the most prevalent symptom was constipation (31%), followed by empting difficulty (12%), dyschesia (9%), and urge stool empting (7.7%). Cardiovascular diseases were found among 43% of respondents, whereas pulmonary diseases with chronic coughing were present in 20% of the analyzed population. Subjective POP symptoms reported by women were as follows: feeling of heaviness in lower abdomen--378%, perineal pain--27.8%, lumbosacral pain-34.2%, and abdominal pain--28.4%. Female sexual disorders were reported by 9,8% women and dyspareunia was found in 7.6% of responders. POP was the main reason for sexual abstinence only in 1 out of 10 patients. More than 30% of patients from the study group underwent previously pelvic surgery due to various reasons. POP related quality of life measured by VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) was 61.4 points (median--60). The most common finding during gynecological examination was cystocele--96.5%, followed by rectoenterocele--92.7%, and central defect--79%. Mean POP quantification was stage III in POP-Q scale. LUTS symptoms (urinary incontinence, urgency and voiding difficulties) were present among 81% of patients whereas lower gastrointestinal disorders (constipation, fecal incontinence, dyschesia) were found in 43% of women affected by POP.

CONCLUSIONS: Mean delay time from objective POP diagnosis until decision concerning surgical treatment was more than 5 years. The most common risk factors associated with POP were: multiparity with vaginal deliveries, obesity and aging. The most common defect found among patients with POP was cystocele, followed by rectoenterocele and central defect however most patients presented with advanced combined defects.

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