Intellectual disability without epilepsy associated with STXBP1 disruption

Fadi F Hamdan, Julie Gauthier, Sylvia Dobrzeniecka, Anne Lortie, Laurent Mottron, Michel Vanasse, Guy D'Anjou, Jean Claude Lacaille, Guy A Rouleau, Jacques L Michaud
European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG 2011, 19 (5): 607-9
STXBP1 (Munc18-1) is a component of the machinery involved in the fusion of secretory vesicles to the presynaptic membrane for the release of neurotransmitters. De novo missense mutations in STXBP1 were recently reported in patients with Ohtahara syndrome, a form of encephalopathy with severe early-onset epilepsy. In addition, sequencing of the coding region of STXBP1 in 95 patients with non-syndromic intellectual disability (NSID) revealed de novo truncating mutations in two patients who also showed severe non-specific epilepsy, suggesting that STXBP1 disruption has the potential of causing a wide spectrum of epileptic disorders in association with intellectual disability. Here, we report on the mutational screening of STXBP1 in a different series of 50 patients with NSID and the identification of a novel de novo truncating mutation (c.1206delT/ p.Y402X) in a male with NSID, but surprisingly with no history of epilepsy. This is the first report of a patient with a truncating mutation in STXBP1 that does not show epilepsy, thus, expanding the clinical spectrum associated with STXBP1 disruption.

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