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Rapid IgE desensitization is antigen specific and impairs early and late mast cell responses targeting FcεRI internalization

Maria del Carmen Sancho-Serra, Maria Simarro, Mariana Castells
European Journal of Immunology 2011, 41 (4): 1004-13
21360700
Rapid IgE desensitization provides temporary tolerization for patients who have presented severe hypersensitivity reactions to food and drugs, protecting them from anaphylaxis, but the underlying mechanisms are still incompletely understood. Thus, here we develop an effective and reproducible in vitro model of rapid IgE desensitization for mouse BM-derived mast cells (BMMCs) under physiologic calcium conditions, and we characterize its antigen specificity and primary events. BMMCs were challenged with DNP-human serum albumin conjugated (DNP-HSA) and/or OVA antigens, delivered either as a single dose (activation) or as increasing sequential doses (desensitization). Compared to activated cells, desensitized BMMCs had impaired degranulation, calcium flux, secretion of arachidonic acid products, early and late TNF-α production, IL-6 production, and phosphorylation of STAT6 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK). OVA-desensitized cells responded to DNP and DNP-desensitized cells responded to OVA, proving specificity. Internalization of specific antigen, IgE and high-affinity receptor for IgE (FcεRI) were impaired in desensitized BMMCs. Our results demonstrate that rapid IgE desensitization is antigen specific and inhibits early and late mast cell activation responses and internalization of the antigen/IgE/FcεRI complexes.

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