Temperature and water activity effects on production of T-2 and HT-2 by Fusarium langsethiae strains from north European countries

A Medina, N Magan
Food Microbiology 2011, 28 (3): 392-8
This study has examined the effect of ecophysiological factors, water activity (a(w), 0.995-0.90) and temperature (10-37 °C), on the T-2 and HT-2 toxins production by Fusarium langsethiae. Two dimensional profiles for optimum and marginal conditions have been built for two strains from each of four northern European countries (UK, Norway, Sweden, Finland) on an oat-based medium. This showed that the optimum a(w) and temperature conditions for T-2 + HT-2 production was between 0.98-0.995, and 20-30 °C respectively. Kruskal-Wallis analysis of ranks showed a statistically significant differences between the different a(w) levels examined (P < 0.001) but no significant effect of the temperatures examined. The ratio of HT-2/T-2 was investigated and non-uniform distribution of HT-2 toxin was found under different ecological conditions. No statistically significant differences were found for the mean toxin production between strains from the different countries. Intra-strain differences in toxin production was only found for those from Finland (P-value = 0.0247). The growth/no growth and toxin/no toxin conditions in relation to a(w) x temperature have been constructed for the first time. This knowledge will be useful in developing prevention strategies to minimise T-2 and HT-2 toxin contamination by strains of F. langsethiae on important small grain cereals.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"