Outcomes of thrombectomy procedures performed in hemodialysis grafts with early failure

Alexandra Yurkovic, Raphael D Cohen, Mark P Mantell, Sidney Kobrin, Michael C Soulen, Jesse Chittams, Scott O Trerotola
Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR 2011, 22 (3): 317-24

PURPOSE: Percutaneous declotting is usually not offered for hemodialysis access grafts clotting < 30 days after placement because of concerns regarding safety of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in fresh anastomoses, potential need for surgical correction of the underlying cause, and poor outcomes. The authors sought to determine acute and long-term outcomes of declotting of grafts with early failure.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 860 percutaneous mechanical thrombectomies performed between July 2001 and June 2007, 23 were performed in grafts < 30 days after initial placement. In addition, 16 percutaneous thrombectomies performed in grafts 31-60 days after placement were identified. Data collected included medical history, graft characteristics, immediate technical and clinical success, complications, and subsequent graft patency and survival. Kaplan-Meier analysis compared outcomes in grafts < 30 days (U30) versus those 31-60 days (U60) old.

RESULTS: There was no difference between the U30 and U60 groups in primary patency (13 vs 19 days, respectively, P = 0.17) or in postintervention access patency (38 vs 189 days, respectively, P = 0.63). A strong trend toward shorter secondary patency in U30 grafts was observed (17 vs 73 days, P = 0.06). Underlying lesions not amenable to percutaneous treatment were found in 62% of U30 grafts and 33% of U60 grafts (P = 0.18). Neither group achieved the K/DOQI Guidelines' recommended 85% technical success or 40% 90-day primary patency; in the U30 group it was 0% and in the U60 group 17%.

CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous declotting of grafts yields poor outcomes, well below the K/DOQI threshold not only within 30 days but also within 60 days of placement.

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