Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Morbidity and mortality before and after bariatric surgery for morbid obesity compared with the general population.

BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery reduces morbidity and mortality in obese subjects, but it is unclear how rates compare with those in the population. The aim was to assess the risk of admission to hospital for obesity-related co-morbidities and overall mortality after bariatric surgery in relation to the general population.

METHODS: A nationwide, population-based cohort study was conducted of all patients who underwent bariatric surgery in Sweden between 1980 and 2006. Each patient was compared with ten age- and sex-matched controls randomly selected from the Total Population Register. Hospital admission for co-morbidities was identified through the Patient Register. Cox proportional regression was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs).

RESULTS: A total of 13 273 patients underwent bariatric surgery between 1980 and 2006. After surgery, the overall adjusted HR remained increased for myocardial infarction (HR 1·56, 95 per cent confidence interval 1·35 to 1·81), angina pectoris (HR 2·05, 1·84 to 2·31), stroke (HR 2·13, 1·88 to 2·42), hypertension (HR 2·80, 2·61 to 3·01), diabetes (HR 2·44, 2·23 to 2·67) and death (HR 1·24, 1·15 to 1·34) in these patients compared with the general population. The 4161 patients who underwent gastric bypass surgery no longer had a higher risk of diabetes (HR 1·23, 0·88 to 1·72) or myocardial infarction (HR 0·78, 0·42 to 1·45), whereas morbidity remained increased after restrictive surgery in 7855 patients. The adjusted mortality remained higher after both gastric bypass and restrictive surgery.

CONCLUSION: Gastric bypass, but not restrictive surgery, in patients with morbid obesity seems to reduce the risk of diabetes and myocardial infarction to population levels, but the risk of death remains increased.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app