Characterization of metabolism of (+)-praeruptorin B and (+)-praeruptorin E in human and rat liver microsomes by liquid chromatography coupled with ion trap mass spectrometry and time-of-flight mass spectrometry

Yue-Lin Song, Ru Yan, Wang-Hui Jing, Hai-Yu Zhao, Yi-Tao Wang
Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM 2011 March 30, 25 (6): 719-30
Peucedani Radix is a Chinese medicinal herb noted for its effects on treatments of respiratory and pulmonary disorders. As a part of a systematic pharmacokinetic evaluation of the herb in our laboratory, the present study investigated, for the first time, the metabolic profile of (+)-praeruptorin B (dPB) and (+)-praeruptorin E (dPE), two main bioactive constituents of Peucedani Radix in pooled liver microsomes of rats (RLMs) and humans (HLMs). dPE was eliminated faster than dPB in both species. The incubation of dPB with RLMs and HLMs resulted in eight (B1-B8) and nine (B1-B9) metabolites, respectively, while both RLMs and HLMs converted dPE into 13 metabolites (E1-13). Structures of all the metabolites were proposed through comparing their mass data obtained via tandem mass spectrometry on an MSD ion trap system (IT-MS/MS) coupled with high-resolution mass measurement by time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOF-MS) with those of the respective parent compound. B1 and E1 were unambiguously identified as (-)-cis-khellactone. The formations of all the metabolites were NADPH-dependent. Oxidation and hydrolysis were demonstrated to be two predominant metabolic pathways of dPB and dPE. Oxidation initiated at either the C-3' or C-4' substituent, while hydrolysis only started from the C-3' substituent. Fragmentation of all metabolites followed similar pathways to those of the parent pyranocoumarins. The information on metabolic properties of dPB and dPE and the mass fragmentation profiles of their metabolites obtained in the present study will aid in characterization of metabolic profiles of other angular-type pyranocoumarins and further investigation of in vivo fates of these pyranocoumarins and the herb.

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