JOURNAL ARTICLE

Epidemiology of traumatic epidural hematoma in young age

Fumiko Irie, Robyne Le Brocque, Justin Kenardy, Nicholas Bellamy, Kevin Tetsworth, Cliff Pollard
Journal of Trauma 2011, 71 (4): 847-53
21336188

BACKGROUND: Epidural hematoma (EDH) is a major traumatic brain injury and a potentially life-threatening condition, with the mortality rate in the young age group varying across studies. The aim of this analysis was to investigate the magnitude of traumatic EDH in young patients aged 0 year to 24 years in Queensland, Australia.

METHODS: Study patients presented to the emergency department of 14 public hospitals participating in the Queensland Trauma Registry during 2005 to 2007 and were diagnosed and admitted for treatment of EDH. Age group comparisons were performed for demographic, injury, treatment, operation details, and outcome-related variables.

RESULTS: We identified 224 young patients with traumatic EDH. The most frequent cause of injury was a fall in the 0 year to 9 years age groups and road traffic crash in those aged 10 years to 24 years. Almost 81% of the EDH cases were due to accidental injury, 17% due to assault, with the remainder due to self-harm and undetermined intent. Skull fracture was present in 75% of the study patients. Neurosurgical operations were performed on 40%. The overall Injury Severity Score adjusted in-hospital mortality rate was 4.8%. The odds of in-hospital mortality was 2.5 (95% confidence interval, 0.8-8.2) compared with older patients (25-64 years).

CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that the Injury Severity Score adjusted in-hospital mortality rates for young patients with EDH were 4.8%. Given the limited information on morbidity resulting from EDH, further analysis to examine modifiable factors for better management and to evaluate survivor's long-term health outcomes via a longitudinal follow-up study is warranted.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21336188
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"