Green tea polyphenol epigallocatechin-3-gallate inhibits TLR2 signaling induced by peptidoglycan through the polyphenol sensing molecule 67-kDa laminin receptor

Eui-Hong Byun, Toshinori Omura, Koji Yamada, Hirofumi Tachibana
FEBS Letters 2011 March 9, 585 (5): 814-20
Here we show the molecular basis for the inhibition of peptidoglycan (PGN)-induced TLR2 signaling by a major green tea polyphenol epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG). Recently, we identified the 67-kDa laminin receptor (67LR) as the cell-surface EGCG receptor. Anti-67LR antibody treatment or silencing of 67LR resulted in abrogation of the inhibitory action of EGCG on PGN-induced production of pro-inflammatory mediators and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases. Silencing of Toll-interacting protein (Tollip), a negative regulator of TLR signaling impaired the TLR2 signaling inhibitory activity of EGCG, suggesting that TLR2 response could be inhibited by EGCG via 67LR and Tollip.

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