Evaluation of aortic root for definition of prosthesis size by magnetic resonance imaging and cardiac computed tomography: implications for transcatheter aortic valve implantation

Ralf Koos, Ertunc Altiok, Andreas Horst Mahnken, Mirja Neizel, Guido Dohmen, Nikolaus Marx, Harald Kühl, Rainer Hoffmann
International Journal of Cardiology 2012 July 26, 158 (3): 353-8

BACKGROUND: This study sought to compare cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) with dual source computed tomography (DSCT) for analysis of aortic root dimensions prior to transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). In addition, the potential impact of CMR and DSCT measurements on TAVI strategy defined by 2D-transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was evaluated.

METHODS: Aortic root dimensions were measured using CMR and DSCT in 58 patients referred for evaluation of TAVI. The TAVI strategy (choice of prosthesis size and decision to implant) was based on 2D-TEE annulus measurements.

RESULTS: CMR and DSCT aortic root measurements showed an overall good correlation (r=0.86, p<0.001 for coronal aortic annulus diameters). There was also a good correlation between TEE and CMR as well as between TEE and DSCT for measurement of sagittal aortic annulus diameters (r=0.69, p<0.001). However, annulus diameters assessed by TEE (22.1±2.3mm) were significantly smaller than coronal aortic annulus diameters assessed by CMR (23.4±1.8mm, p<0.001) or DSCT (23.6±1.8, p<0.001). Regarding TAVI strategy, the agreement between TEE and sagittal CMR (kappa=0.89) as well as sagittal DSCT measurements (kappa=0.87) was statistically perfect. However, decision based on coronal CMR- or MSCT measurements would have modified TAVI strategy as compared to a TEE based choice in a significant number of patients (22% to 24%).

CONCLUSION: In patients referred for TAVI, CMR measurements of aortic root dimensions show a good correlation with DSCT measurements and thus CMR may be an alternative 3D-imaging modality. Aortic annulus measurements using TEE, CMR and DSCT were close but not identical and the method used has important potential implications on TAVI strategy.

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