OPEN IN READ APP
COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Intraoperative comparisons of knee kinematics of double-bundle versus single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

Stephane Plaweski, Mathieu Grimaldi, Aurélien Courvoisier, Simon Wimsey
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 2011, 19 (8): 1277-86
21311868

PURPOSE: Based on biomechanical anatomical studies, double-bundle reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) was introduced to achieve better stability in the knee, particularly in respect of rotatory loads. An in vivo, computer-assisted, double-bundle (DB) ACL reconstruction is superior to a single-bundle (SB) ACL reconstruction at reducing rotatory, and AP laxities of the tibia at 20 degrees of knee flexion and also during the pivot shift test.

METHODS: The data of 63 patients who had ACL reconstruction were prospectively collected. Thirty-two patients had single-bundle reconstruction (SB group), and 31 received double-bundle reconstruction (DB group). The per-operative navigation system (Praxim ACL surgetics System) helped to search for a minimal anisometry profile of the grafts, which was favorable (graft loosened with flexion) in the anatomic area of ACL insertion and preventing any conflict between the graft and the femoral notch. The system also evaluated anteroposterior (AP) rotational stabilities and pivot shift. The value of the pivot shift was calculated from the values of the maximum rotation and AP translation obtained when performing the manoeuver before and after ACL reconstruction, comparing SB and DB reconstruction.

RESULTS: The post-operative AP displacement of the lateral compartment during the Lachman test was statistically reduced in DB group in comparison with SB group (5.1 ± 4.4 mm vs. 7.1 ± 3.2 mm, P = 0.04), whereas the AP displacements of the medial compartment were also reduced (3.4 ± 3.7 mm vs. 4.5 ± 2.6 mm, P = 0.15) but with no statistical significance. Internal and external rotations at 20° of knee flexion were lower in the DB group than in SB group with statistical significance (respectively, 13.2 ± 4.9° vs. 17.5 ± 4.0°, P < 0.001 and 9.1 ± 3.6° vs. 11.5 ± 3.5°, P = 0.01). During the pivot shift test, the post-operative AP maximal translation was statistically different in both groups: 4.5 ± 2.1 mm in DB group and 6.3 ± 2.7 mm in SB group (P = 0.01)), whereas the maximal rotation was not statistically different: 3.8 ± 2.5° in DB group and 3.4 ± 1.2° in SB group (n.s.). Therefore, Colombet's index was similar in DB group and SB group (respectively, 0.21 ± 0.16 and 0.17 ± 0.06, (n.s.)).

CONCLUSIONS: This study shows a significant intraoperative advantage in anterior and rotational stability for four-tunnel DB ACL reconstruction compared with SB ACL reconstruction.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: II.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21311868
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"