The influence of personality traits and beliefs about medicines on adherence to asthma treatment

Maria Emilsson, Ina Berndtsson, Jan Lötvall, Eva Millqvist, Jesper Lundgren, Ake Johansson, Eva Brink
Primary Care Respiratory Journal: Journal of the General Practice Airways Group 2011, 20 (2): 141-7

AIM: To explore the influence of personality traits and beliefs about medicines on adherence to treatment with asthma medication.

METHODS: Respondents were 35 asthmatic adults prescribed controller medication. They answered questionnaires about medication adherence, personality traits, and beliefs about medicines.

RESULTS: In gender comparisons, the personality traits "Neuroticism" in men and "adherence to medication" were associated with lower adherent behaviour. Associations between personality traits and beliefs in the necessity of medication for controlling the illness were identified. Beliefs about the necessity of medication were positively associated with adherent behaviour in women. In the total sample, a positive "necessity-concern" differential predicted adherent behaviour.

CONCLUSION: The results imply that personality and beliefs about medicines may influence how well adults with asthma adhere to treatment with asthma medication.

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