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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Right colonic transposition technique: when the left colon is unavailable for achieving a pelvic anastomosis

Umar S Shariff, Narinder Kullar, Sina Dorudi
Diseases of the Colon and Rectum 2011, 54 (3): 360-2
21304310

PURPOSE: On occasion, the left colon is not available for rectal or low pelvic anastomosis either because of synchronous pathology, previous resections, or inadequate blood supply. The short middle colic pedicle prevents use of the transverse colon for this purpose. In this situation, the right colon is a good anastomotic conduit. The aim of this video is to demonstrate the right colonic transposition technique.

METHODS: Intraoperative footage was filmed and edited in a multimedia format. Operative details were as follows: the diseased left colon and transverse colon are excised; the right colon is fully mobilized and transposed 180 degrees anticlockwise around the axis of the ileocolic pedicle, so the hepatic flexure reaches into the pelvis without tension. The hepatic flexure is then used for anastomosis within the pelvis either to the residual rectum or anus (see Supplemental Digital Content, Videos 1-3, http://links.lww.com/DCR/A46, http://links.lww.com/DCR/A47, and http://links.lww.com/DCR/A48). Case notes were reviewed to analyze clinical outcome and bowel function.

RESULTS: Three patients underwent the technique, 2 females and 1 male (median age, 45 (range, 30-55) years). Median operating time was 98 (range, 95-114) minutes. There were no anastomotic failures or other major complications. One patient had a superficial wound infection. The median in-hospital stay was 7 (range, 7-8) days. The median time to first bowel movement was 3 (range, 3-4) days; the median daily stool frequency was 4 (range, 3-4) on discharge, decreasing to 2 daily stools 12 months after surgery. Stoma formation and total colectomy were successfully avoided in each patient.

CONCLUSIONS: Right colonic transposition is a useful technique to enable the construction of a tension-free rectal anastomosis with a good blood supply. The use of the right colon in these clinicopathological situations can be achieved with low morbidity and results in good short- and long-term bowel function in these patients. Careful preservation of the ileocolic pedicle and division of the right colic vessels are essential to facilitate successful anastomosis.

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