COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Aliskiren vs. angiotensin receptor blockers in hypertension: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Dengfeng Gao, Ning Ning, Xiaolin Niu, Jin Wei, Ping Sun, Guanghua Hao
American Journal of Hypertension 2011, 24 (5): 613-21
21293386

BACKGROUND: Aliskiren, a newly discovered renin inhibitor, blocks the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) from the top of the enzyme cascade and therefore, might provide comparable or even superior clinical efficacy of blood pressure (BP) control than angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). With this meta-analysis, we aimed to compare the efficacy and tolerability of aliskiren and ARBs in the treatment of hypertension in the short-term treatment period.

METHODS: Reports of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing aliskiren and ARBs in patients with hypertension were selected by a search of the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, and EMBASE. The main outcome measures were reduction in diastolic BP (DBP) and systolic BP (SBP) and rates of therapeutic response and BP control. We also compared the tolerability of aliskiren and ARBs. Revman v5.0 was used to obtain the pooled estimates.

RESULTS: We analyzed data from 10 reports of trials involving 3,732 participants. DBP and SBP reduction did not differ between aliskiren and ARBs (weighted mean difference (WMD), -0.18; 95% confidence interval (CI), -1.07 to 0.71, and WMD, 0.15; 95% CI, -1.38 to 1.69, respectively). Aliskiren and ARB treatment did not differ in rates of BP control or therapeutic response. Moreover, aliskiren and ARB treatment led to a similar number of adverse events, severe adverse events, and withdrawal due to adverse events.

CONCLUSION: Aliskiren is as effective as ARBs (losartan, valsartan, and irbesartan) in controlling BP and does not differ from ARBs in risk of adverse events.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21293386
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"