The effect of exemestane, anastrozole, and tamoxifen on lipid profiles in Japanese postmenopausal early breast cancer patients: final results of National Surgical Adjuvant Study BC 04, the TEAM Japan sub-study

Y Hozumi, K Suemasu, H Takei, T Aihara, M Takehara, T Saito, S Ohsumi, N Masuda, Y Ohashi
Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology 2011, 22 (8): 1777-82

BACKGROUND: In this Tamoxifen Exemestane Adjuvant Multinational Japan sub-study, we evaluated the time course of changes in serum lipids in postmenopausal women with hormone-sensitive early breast cancer treated with exemestane, anastrozole, or tamoxifen for postoperative adjuvant therapy.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 154 breast cancer patients were assigned to receive exemestane, anastrozole, or tamoxifen in this randomized open-label study. Serum lipid parameters including triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were measured during 1 year of treatment.

RESULTS: TC and LDL-C rapidly decreased in patients treated with tamoxifen at 3 months. Compared with anastrozole and exemestane patients, TC and LDL-C were significantly lower at all assessment time points in tamoxifen patients (P < 0.05). TG increased in tamoxifen patients; it was significantly higher compared with exemestane patients at all assessment time points (P < 0.05). HDL-C slightly decreased in exemestane patients; it was significantly lower compared with anastrozole patients at 3 months and 1 year (P = 0.0179 and 0.0013, respectively).

CONCLUSION: Changes of lipid profiles in Japanese postmenopausal women treated with tamoxifen were relatively favorable, while exemestane and anastrozole had no clinically significant effect on the serum lipids.

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