Systematic review of topical vasoconstrictors in endoscopic sinus surgery

Thomas S Higgins, Peter H Hwang, Todd T Kingdom, Richard R Orlandi, Heinz Stammberger, Joseph K Han
Laryngoscope 2011, 121 (2): 422-32

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to systematically review the literature and examine the safety for the use of topical vasoconstrictors in endoscopic sinus surgery.

STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review clinical trials.

METHOD: A systematic literature search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, and National Guideline Clearinghouse, and references in the selected articles.

RESULTS: The search criteria captured 42 manuscripts with relevant titles. A systematic review on the topical use of phenylephrine was found; however, no other systematic review, meta-analyses, or clinical guidelines were identified. Six randomized clinical trials or comparative studies, as well as multiple case reports and review articles were also identified. The literature supports the safety of oxymetazoline and epinephrine when used judiciously in carefully selected patients undergoing endoscopic sinonasal surgery; however, topical phenylephrine is not recommended because of its risk profile.

CONCLUSION: In sinus or nasal surgery, topical vasoconstrictors should be used in a manner that minimizes the risk of cardiovascular morbidity.

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