JOURNAL ARTICLE

Analysis of retinal fundus images for grading of diabetic retinopathy severity

M H Ahmad Fadzil, Lila Iznita Izhar, Hermawan Nugroho, Hanung Adi Nugroho
Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing 2011, 49 (6): 693-700
21271293
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a sight threatening complication due to diabetes mellitus that affects the retina. In this article, a computerised DR grading system, which digitally analyses retinal fundus image, is used to measure foveal avascular zone. A v-fold cross-validation method is applied to the FINDeRS database to evaluate the performance of the DR system. It is shown that the system achieved sensitivity of >84%, specificity of >97% and accuracy of >95% for all DR stages. At high values of sensitivity (>95%), specificity (>97%) and accuracy (>98%) obtained for No DR and severe NPDR/PDR stages, the computerised DR grading system is suitable for early detection of DR and for effective treatment of severe cases.

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