REVIEW
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Does positron emission tomography offer prognostic information in malignant pleural mesothelioma?

A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether positron emission tomography is useful in the diagnosis and prognosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Altogether 136 papers were found using the reported search, of which 15 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. We conclude that fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) accurately differentiates benign from malignant pleural disease, helps detect recurrence and provides prognostic information in terms of staging, survival and mortality. Eleven studies evaluated the role of FDG-PET in the diagnosis and prognosis of MPM. Malignant disease had a higher standardised uptake value (SUV) (6.5 ± 3.4 vs. 0.8 ± 0.6; P < 0.001) than benign pleural disease. Shorter median survival (9.7 vs. 21 months; P = 0.02) was associated with high SUV (>10) than low SUV (<10). PET accurately upstaged 13% and downstaged 27% of cases initially staged with computed tomography (CT). In patients undergoing chemotherapy, higher total glycolytic volume led to a lower median survival (4.9 vs. 11.5 months; P = 0.09), while a decline in FDG uptake was associated with a longer time to tumour progression (14 vs. 7 months; P = 0.02). Four studies observed the role of FDG-PET-CT in the diagnosis and prognosis of MPM. SUV was found to be higher in MPM compared to benign pleural disease (6.5 vs. 0.8; P < 0.001). A higher SUV(max) was observed in primary pleural lesions of metastatic (7.1 vs. 4.7; P = 0.003) compared to non-metastatic disease. Patients who underwent surgery had equivalent survival to those excluded based on scan results (20 vs. 12 months; P = 0.3813). One study compared the utility of PET and PET-CT in the diagnosis and prognosis of mesothelioma. PET-CT was found to be more accurate than PET in terms of staging (P < 0.05) disease. Overall, PET accurately diagnoses MPM, predicts survival and disease recurrence. It can guide further management by predicting the response to chemotherapy and excluding surgery in patients with extrathoracic disease. Combined PET-CT has additional benefits in accurately staging disease.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app