JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Post-concurrent exercise hemodynamics and cardiac autonomic modulation

Luiz Teixeira, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Taís Tinucci, Décio Mion Júnior, Cláudia Lúcia de Moraes Forjaz
European Journal of Applied Physiology 2011, 111 (9): 2069-78
21259026
Concurrent training is recommended for health improvement, but its acute effects on cardiovascular function are not well established. This study analyzed hemodynamics and autonomic modulation after a single session of aerobic (A), resistance (R), and concurrent (A + R) exercises. Twenty healthy subjects randomly underwent four sessions: control (C:30 min of rest), aerobic (A:30 min, cycle ergometer, 75% of VO(2) peak), resistance (R:6 exercises, 3 sets, 20 repetitions, 50% of 1 RM), and concurrent (AR: A + R). Before and after the interventions, blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), cardiac output (CO), and HR variability were measured. Systolic BP decreased after all the exercises, and the greatest decreases were observed after the A and AR sessions (-13 ± 1 and -11 ± 1 mmHg, respectively, P < 0.05). Diastolic BP decreased similarly after all the exercises, and this decrease lasted longer after the A session. CO also decreased similarly after the exercises, while systemic vascular resistance increased after the R and AR sessions in the recovery period (+4.0 ± 1.7 and +6.3 ± 1.9 U, respectively, P < 0.05). Stroke volume decreased, while HR increased after the exercises, and the greatest responses were observed after the AR session (SV, A = -14.6 ± 3.6, R = -22.4 ± 3.5 and AR = -23.4 ± 2.4 ml; HR, A =+13 ± 2, R =+15 ± 2 vs. AR =+20 ± 2 bpm, P < 0.05). Cardiac sympathovagal balance increased after the exercises, and the greatest increase was observed after the AR session (A = +0.7 ± 0.8, R = +1.0 ± 0.8 vs. AR = +1.2 ± 0.8, P < 0.05). In conclusion, the association of aerobic and resistance exercises in the same training session did not potentiate post-exercise hypotension, and increased cardiac sympathetic activation during the recovery period.

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