Survival and reproductive outcomes in women treated for malignant ovarian germ cell tumors

Lori E Weinberg, John R Lurain, Diljeet K Singh, Julian C Schink
Gynecologic Oncology 2011 May 1, 121 (2): 285-9

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to review all malignant germ-cell tumors (MOGCTs) treated at our institution, focusing on reproductive outcomes and menstrual function of patients treated with fertility-sparing surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy.

METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients treated for MOGCTs between January 1, 1979 and March 31, 2008. Charts of identified patients were abstracted and data were collected. Patients who had fertility-sparing surgery were contacted and a telephone questionnaire was performed to gather reproductive and menstrual history.

RESULTS: Forty patients were treated for MOGCTs at our institution. Mean age at the time of diagnosis was 26.5years (range, 10-48years). Histologic subtypes were: immature teratoma (52.5%), dysgerminoma (27.5%), yolk sac tumor (10.0%), mixed germ cell tumor (7.5%), and choriocarcinoma (2.5%). Thirty-five percent of tumors were FIGO stages II-IV. Twenty-seven patients (67.5%) were treated with chemotherapy postoperatively, 23 (85%) of whom received bleomycin, etoposide and cisplatin (BEP). There were three recurrences, but no deaths. Fertility-sparing surgery was performed in 22 patients (55%), 16 of whom received adjuvant chemotherapy. Fourteen of these patients were contacted. Of the 10 remaining patients desiring pregnancy, 8 (80%) had 11 successful spontaneous pregnancies, one required in-vitro fertilization, and the other required donor egg in-vitro fertilization, resulting in 14 live births. All 14 patients had normal menstrual cycles within one year of completing chemotherapy.

CONCLUSIONS: Overall survival was 100% among patients with both local and advanced MOGCTs, including those who underwent fertility-sparing surgery. Fertility-sparing surgery plus adjuvant chemotherapy appeared to have little or no effect on fertility or menstrual cycles.

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