Monoclonal immunoglobulin light and heavy chain deposition diseases: molecular models of common renal diseases

Pierre Ronco, Emmanuelle Plaisier, Pierre Aucouturier
Contributions to Nephrology 2011, 169: 221-31
Light, light and heavy, and heavy chain deposition diseases (LCDD, LHCDD and HCDD, respectively) belong to a family of diseases featuring deposition in the kidney of a monoclonal immunoglobulin (Ig) or its isolated subunits, which also includes light chain amyloidosis, non-amyloid fibrillary and immunotactoid glomerulonephritis, and cryoglobulinemic glomerulonephritis. In clinical and pathologic terms, LCDD, LHCDD and HCDD display essentially similar characteristics, such as involvement of multiple organs, prominent renal involvement with severe renal failure, diabetes-like nodular glomerulosclerosis, marked thickening of tubular basement membranes, and monotypic deposits of Ig light chains (mostly κ) and/or heavy chains (mostly γ) that feature a non-organized granular, electron-dense appearance by electron microscopy. The most common cause is myeloma, although in a fair proportion of cases there is no (clinically) patent hematological disease. Recent progress has been made in understanding the molecular mechanisms of Ig-chain deposition and extracellular matrix accumulation, which opens up new therapeutic avenues in addition to eradication of the Ig-secreting plasma cell clone. Because these diseases represent a model of glomerular and interstitial fibrosis that is induced by a single molecule species, a better understanding of their pathophysiological mechanism may help unraveling the pathomechanisms of kidney fibrosis and renal disease progression.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.