JOURNAL ARTICLE

Correction of systematic set-up error in breast and head and neck irradiation through a no-action level (NAL) protocol

Eva M Lozano, Luis A Pérez, Javier Torres, Carmen Carrascosa, Miguel Sanz, Fermín Mendicote, Antonio Gil
Clinical & Translational Oncology 2011, 13 (1): 34-42
21239353

PURPOSE: To quantify systematic and random patient set-up errors in breast and head and neck conventional irradiation and to evaluate a no-action level (NAL) protocol for systematic set-up error off-line correction in head and neck cancer and breast cancer patients.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Verification electronic portal images of orthogonal set-up fields were obtained daily for the initial four consecutive fractions for 20 patients treated for breast cancer and for 20 head and neck cancer patients. The calculated systematic error was used to shift the isocentre accordingly on the fifth treatment day. From then until the end of the treatment course, pair orthogonal portal images of set-up fields were obtained weekly. To assess the impact of the protocol, pre- and post-correction systematic errors were compared and PTV margins were estimated before and after correction using published margin recipes.

RESULTS: Population systematic set-up error decreased in the breast cancer patient group after the implementation of NAL protocol from 4.0 to 1.7 mm on the x-axis, from 4.7 to 2.1 mm on the y-axis and from 2.8 to 0.9 mm on the z axis. The percentage of patients with individual systematic set-up error reduction was 80%, 90% and 80% on the x-, y and z-axes respectively. Population systematic set-up error decreased also in the head and neck cancer patient group from 2.3 to 1.1 mm on the x-axis, from 1.6 to 1.4 mm on the y-axis and from 1.7 to 0.7 mm on the z-axis. The percentage of patients with individual systematic set-up error reduction was 70%, 65% and 85% on the x-, y- and z-axes respectively. Margin reduction achievable with NAL protocol implementation on the x-, y- and z-axes was 6.3, 7.2 and 4.8 mm for breast cancer patients and 3.3, 0.6 and 2.8 mm for head and neck cancer patients.

CONCLUSION: NAL off-line protocol is useful for systematic set-up error correction and PTV margin reduction in conventional breast and head and neck irradiation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21239353
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"