CLINICAL TRIAL
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Mycophenolate for the treatment of autoimmune hepatitis: prospective assessment of its efficacy and safety for induction and maintenance of remission in a large cohort of treatment-naïve patients.

Journal of Hepatology 2011 September
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Standard therapy for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is corticosteroids with or without azathioprine. However, 20% of patients do not respond or are intolerant to conventional treatment. Therefore, we evaluated prospectively the efficacy and safety of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in inducing and/or maintaining remission in treatment-naïve AIH patients.

METHODS: Fifty-nine treatment-naïve patients with well defined AIH were treated with prednisolone plus 1.5-2g/d of MMF. Patients were candidates for MMF withdrawal after at least 4 years. Treatment outcomes were defined according to the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group report.

RESULTS: Treatment duration with MMF was 26months (range 3-92). Eighty-eight percent (52/59) of patients responded initially clinically and biochemically (normalization of transaminases and γ-globulins) most of them within 3months. The remaining 7 patients (12%) had partial response. In total, 59.3% (35/59) of patients had complete response (CR) with 37% (22/59) of them having achieved CR off prednisolone, while 28.8% (17/59) had initial CR with relapses. No patient was non-responder. Prednisolone withdrew in 57.6% (34/59) of patients in 8months. The only independent predictor of treatment outcome, was γ-GT (baseline γ-GT, p=0.008 and γ-GT on month 24, p<0.05). Severe side effects leading to MMF discontinuation occurred in only 3.4% (2/59) of patients. Six patients (2 according to protocol and 4 for personal reasons), stopped treatment with MMF, but 3 relapsed.

CONCLUSIONS: MMF seems safe and effective as first-line therapy in inducing and maintaining remission in treatment-naive patients with AIH, having a significant and rapid steroid sparing effect as attested by the fact that so far, 37% (22/59) of AIH patients achieved CR off prednisolone.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app