JOURNAL ARTICLE

Elastase B of Pseudomonas aeruginosa stimulates the humoral immune response in the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella

Mariola Andrejko, Magdalena Mizerska-Dudka
Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 2011, 107 (1): 16-26
21236262
The role of Pseudomonas aeruginosa elastase B in activation of the humoral immune response in Galleria mellonella larvae was investigated. The results of our study showed that elastase B injected at a sublethal concentration was responsible for eliciting the humoral immune response in G. mellonella larvae. The insects exhibited increased antibacterial activity, namely, we observed appearance of antimicrobial peptides and a higher level of lysozyme in cell-free hemolymph. Elastase B seems to be a more potent elicitor than thermolysin because similar maximal antibacterial activity levels were observed at a 5-fold lower concentration. We also demonstrated that there were differences in the kinetics of induction of antimicrobial activity between thermolysin and elastase B. The maximum level was observed 18h post challenge of thermolysin and 38h after injection of elastase B. It was also shown that, 24h after elastase injection, the relative levels of apoLp-III in the hemolymph significantly increased in comparison with control G. mellonella larvae. The activation of immune responses in metalloproteinase-challenged larvae involved synthesis of metalloproteinase inhibitors which increased the survival rates of insects both against the lethal dose of thermolysin as well as against viable pathogenic bacterial cells of P. aeruginosa.

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