JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Prospects of induced pluripotent stem cell technology in regenerative medicine

Feng Zhang, Fudiman Citra, Dong-An Wang
Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews 2011, 17 (2): 115-24
21210760
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are derived from adult somatic cells via reprogramming with ectopic expression of four transcription factors (Oct3/4, Sox2, c-Myc and Klf4; or, Oct3/4, Sox2, Nanog, and Lin28), by which the resultant cells regain pluripotency, namely, the capability exclusively possessed by some embryonic cells to differentiate into any cell lineage under proper conditions. Given the ease in cell sourcing and a waiver of ethical opponency, iPS cells excel embryonic pluripotent cells in the practice of drug discovery and regenerative medicine. With an ex vivo practice in regenerative medicine, many problems involved in conventional medicine dosing, such as immune rejection, could be potentially circumvented. In this article, we briefly summarize the fundamentals and status quo of iPS-related applications, and emphasize the prospects of iPS technology in regenerative medicine.

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