Cervical tracheal resection with cricotracheal anastomosis: experience in adults with grade III-IV tracheal stenosis

A M A El-Fattah, E Kamal, H E Amer, M Fouda, A E M A Elwahab, A Tawfik
Journal of Laryngology and Otology 2011, 125 (6): 614-9

INTRODUCTION: Laryngotracheal stenosis is currently one of the most common complications associated with nasal and orotracheal intubation and tracheotomy. Once established, tracheal stenosis can be a complex and difficult problem to manage.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 2004-2010 data for 12 male patients with postintubation cervical tracheal stenosis (grade III-IV) treated in the otolaryngology department, Mansoura University Hospitals. All patients had a tracheostomy at presentation, and all underwent tracheal resection with primary cricotracheal anastomosis and suprahyoid release.

RESULTS: Grade III stenosis was present in five patients (41.7 per cent) and grade IV stenosis in seven patients (58.3 per cent). The length of trachea resected ranged from 2 to 4 cm, representing one to four tracheal rings. In all 12 patients, the procedure allowed successful tracheotomy decannulation. Minor complications comprised surgical emphysema (n = 2) and wound infection (n = 1), and were managed conservatively. Major complications consisted of restenosis (n = 3), managed in two patients by repeated dilatation; one patient was lost to follow up.

CONCLUSION: Segmental tracheal resection with cricotracheal anastomosis was successful in 11/12 (92 per cent) patients with severe cervical tracheal stenosis. The strategy for treatment of airway stenosis is now well established and success rates are high, with minimal or no sequelae.

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