JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

The SOURCE Registry: what is the learning curve in trans-apical aortic valve implantation?

Olaf Wendler, Thomas Walther, Holger Schroefel, Rüdiger Lange, Hendrik Treede, Melissa Fusari, Paolo Rubino, Martyn Thomas
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery 2011, 39 (6): 853-9; discussion 859-60
21183357

OBJECTIVE: Trans-apical aortic valve implantation (TA-AVI) has been shown to be a reproducible technique. Early results from the SAPIEN Aortic Bioprosthesis European Outcome (SOURCE) Registry identified major access complications associated with high 30-day mortality. Using the SOURCE Registry, we analyze the learning curve for TA-AVI over the first 2 years after commercialization.

METHODS: The SOURCE Registry gathered data for 2 consecutive years at European centers following commercialization of the Edwards SAPIEN bioprosthesis, totaling 2339 patients (1038 in COHORT 1 and 1301 in COHORT 2). Only data from centers that provided all of their consecutively treated patients were included in this study. We compared the 30-day results of TA-AVI from COHORT 1 (C-1: January/2008-January/2009) with the 30-day results of COHORT 2 (C-2: February/2009-January/2010).

RESULTS: This analysis is based on a total number of 575 TA-AVIs in C-1 and 819 TA-AVIs in C-2. Mean age (C-1: 80.7 years, C-2: 80.5 years) and logistic European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) (C-1: 29.1%, C-2 27.3%) were not significantly different. Valve malposition (C-1: 1.6%, C-2: 1.2%), valve migration/embolization (C-1: 0.5%, C-2: 1.0%), and major access complications (C-1: 2.1%, C-2: 1.8%) were in total less frequent, but not statistically significant lower in C-2. However, the reduction of aortic regurgitation >2+ immediately following the procedure (C-1: 4.52%, C-2: 2.1%, p=0.011) and conversion rate to open surgery (C-1: 3.7%, C-2: 1.5%, p=0.0315) reached statistical significance. Postoperative complications included dialysis (C-1: 7.0%, C-2: 5.7%, p=ns), pacemaker implantation (C-2: 7.7%, C-2: 6.7%, p=ns), stroke (C-1: 2.4%, C-2: 2.6%, p=ns), and myocardial infarct (C-1: 0.7%, C-2: 0.4%, p=ns). The total 30-day mortality was 10.8% and not significantly different between the two groups (C-1: 10.8%, C-2: 10.7%, p=ns).

CONCLUSIONS: Although the incidence of technical intra procedural complications has trended downward, reflecting the learning curve for TA-AVI, 30-day mortality was unchanged, likely due to patient co-morbidities not captured by preoperative risk variables.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21183357
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"