JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Efficiency and safety of thrombus aspiration plus intra-infarct-related artery administration of tirofiban during primary angioplasty]

Shi-ying Li, Hong-bing Yan, Jian Wang, Li Song, Zheng Wu, Yun-peng Chi, Bin Zheng, Han-jun Zhao, Qing-xiang Li, Xiao-jiang Zhang, Wen-zheng Li, Chen Liu
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi 2010, 38 (10): 880-5
21176629

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether thrombus aspiration plus intra-infarct-related artery bolus administration of tirofiban via the aspiration catheter is superior to thrombus aspiration alone in improving myocardial perfusion in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary angioplasty.

METHODS: In this single center retrospective study, 108 patients with STEMI who underwent angioplasty after thrombus aspiration plus intra-infarction related artery 500 µg tirofiban administration, with subsequent 12-hour intravenous infusion of 0.1 µg×kg(-1)×min(-1) after angioplasty (thrombus aspiration + tirofiban group) and 108 matched control patients with STEMI who underwent angioplasty after thrombus aspiration (thrombus aspiration group). The primary end points included thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow immediately after angioplasty, complete ST-segment elevation resolution (> 70%) at 90 minutes after angioplasty and the peak of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and troponin I (TnI). The secondary end points were the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in the hospital and at 9 months follow-up as well as major adverse cardiac events (MACE: cardiac death, target vessel revascularization, re-infarction) at 9 months and any bleeding events.

RESULTS: Baseline characteristics of the two groups were well-balanced. The TIMI 3 flow rate (97.22% vs. 87.04%, P = 0.011) and the complete ST-segment resolution rate (66.67% vs. 50.91%, χ(2) = 6.129, P = 0.047)were significantly higher in the thrombus aspiration + tirofiban group than in the thrombus aspiration group. The peak of CK-MB (83.9 U/L vs. 126.1 U/L, P = 0.034) and TnI (42.7 ng/ml vs. 72.5 ng/ml, P = 0.029) were significantly lower in the thrombus aspiration + tirofiban group than in the thrombus aspiration group. LVEF in the hospital favored thrombus aspiration + tirofiban the group (45.7% ± 10.8%, 42.9% ± 9.9%, t = 1.99, P = 0.049). There was a tendency to decreased MACE rate at 9-month follow-up, which favored thrombus aspiration + tirofiban the group (logrank χ(2) = 2.865, P = 0.09). Bleeding events were similar between the two groups.

CONCLUSION: Thrombus aspiration plus intra-infarct-related artery bolus administration of tirofiban in patients with STEMI undergoing primary angioplasty may improve myocardium perfusion, attenuate myocardial ischemia and result in a better clinical prognosis compared to thrombus aspiration alone.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21176629
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"