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[Long-term outcome of bronchial artery embolization in the treatment of massive hemoptysis]

Xian-Jie Wu, Zhi-Heng Xing, Jing Tian, Yong Fan, Yu-Ping Li, Jian-Zhong Sun, Ping Li, Lei Yu
Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 2010, 33 (10): 754-7
21176507

OBJECTIVE: To study the long-term outcome, safety, and complications of bronchial artery embolization (BAE) in the treatment of patients with massive hemoptysis.

METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 232 cases of massive hemoptysis treated with BAE from February 2000 to February 2009 in our hospital was carried out. All cases were followed by repeated X-ray or CT examination, telephone calls, or questionnaires, with the longest period up to 9 years.

RESULTS: There were 627 blood vessels which were totally embolized by 741 coils for the 232 cases. The hemoptysis was stopped instantly in 100% of the patients. 91.8% (213/232) of the cases were cured and 19 cases (19/232, 8.18%) were improved. The overall effective rate was 100% (232/232). No serious or delayed complications occurred. None of the patients died.

CONCLUSION: Bronchial artery embolization is effective in cases with massive hemoptysis for its immediate effect and safety.

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