JOURNAL ARTICLE

Combined therapy with a thymidylate synthase-inhibiting vector and S-1 has effective antitumor activity against 5-FU-resistant tumors

Kyuichi Kadota, Cheng-Long Huang, Dage Liu, Hiroyaseu Yokomise, Reiji Haba, Hiromi Wada
International Journal of Oncology 2011, 38 (2): 355-63
21174056
High levels of intratumoral thymidylate synthase (TS) expression are associated with resistance to 5-fluorourcil (5-FU). In order to establish a new treatment method for 5-FU-resistant tumors, the efficacy of gene therapy was investigated using an adenoviral vector expressing short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting TS. A replication-deficient recombinant adenoviral vector expressing shRNA targeting TS was constructed under the control of the human U6 promoter (Ad-shTS). Three 5-FU-resistant cancer cell lines, DLD-1/5FU, KM12C/5FU and NUGC-3/5FU, were used. Transduction with Ad-shTS effectively downregulated TS expression in all three 5-FU-resistant tumor cells. MTT assays demonstrated that treatment with Ad-shTS significantly inhibited the growth of all three 5-FU-resistant tumor cells. Furthermore, combined treatment with Ad-shTS and 5-FU demonstrated significantly greater inhibition of tumor cell growth in comparison to 5-FU treatment alone and Ad-shTS treatment alone. S-1, a combination of tegafur, gimeracil and oteracil potassium, was used for the 5-FU treatment by in vivo experiments. The combined treatment of Ad-shTS and S-1 was found to have the strongest antitumor effect against 5-FU-resistant DLD-1/5FU xenografts in nude mice in comparison to S-1 treatment alone and Ad-shTS treatment alone. Furthermore, the apoptotic index in tumors treated with combined Ad-shTS and S-1 was significantly higher in comparison to that in tumors treated with S-1 alone and that in tumors treated with Ad-shTS alone. Consequently, the combined treatment of the TS-inhibiting adenoviral vector and S-1 has effective antitumor activity against 5-FU-resistant tumors.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21174056
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"