Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Management of esophageal anastomotic leaks, perforations, and fistulae with self-expanding plastic stents.

OBJECTIVE: Esophageal anastomotic leaks, perforations, and fistulae are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of self-expanding plastic stents in the treatment of esophageal leaks.

METHODS: From 2001 to 2009, 41 patients with postoperative anastomotic leaks (n = 30), esophageal perforations (n = 6), or fistulae (n = 5) were treated by endoscopic insertion of self-expanding plastic stents. The clinical outcome of the patients was analyzed, including leak healing, morbidity, and mortality.

RESULTS: Self-expanding plastic stents were successfully inserted in all 41 patients without procedure-related complications. Non-ventilated patients received oral feeding an average of 3.9 days after stent placement. Complete leak healing was obtained in 27 of 30 patients (90%) with anastomotic leaks and 5 patients (83%) with perforation. Sealing of fistulae by the stents was achieved in all 5 patients, and closure of the fistula was observed in 2 patients (40%). The mean healing time was 30 days for anastomotic leaks, 15 days for esophageal perforations, and 16 days for fistulae. Stent migration occurred in 14 cases, but endoscopic reintervention and new stent placement were successful in all cases. In-hospital mortality after treatment of esophageal leaks with stents was 10%.

CONCLUSIONS: In combination with effective interventional or surgical drainage, stenting is a viable option for the treatment of esophageal anastomotic leaks and perforations, but the success in tracheoesophageal fistula is limited.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app