JOURNAL ARTICLE

Identification of QTL for increased fibrous roots in soybean

Hussein Abdel-Haleem, Geung-Joo Lee, Roger H Boerma
TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik 2011, 122 (5): 935-46
21165732
Drought stress adversely affects soybean at various developmental stages, which collectively results in yield reduction. Unpredictable rainfall has been reported to contribute about 36% to variation of yield difference between the rain-fed and irrigated fields. Among the drought resistance mechanisms, drought avoidance in genotypes with fibrous roots was recognized to be associated with drought resistance in soybean. Plant introduction PI416937 was shown to possess fibrous roots and has been used as a parent in breeding programs to improve soybean productivity. Little information is available on relative contribution and chromosomal location of quantitative trait loci (QTL) conditioning fibrous roots in soybean. To identify the genomic locations and genetic bases of this trait, a recombinant inbred line population was derived from a cross between PI416937 and 'Benning'. To detect associated QTLs, phenotypic data were collected and analyzed for 2 years under rain-fed field conditions. The selective genotyping approach was used to reduce the costs and work associated with conducting the QTL analysis. A total of five QTLs were identified on chromosomes Gm01 (Satt383), Gm03 (Satt339), Gm04 (Sct_191), Gm08 (Satt429), and Gm20 (Sat_299), and together explained 51% of the variation in root score. Detected QTLs were co-localized with QTLs related to root morphology, suggesting that fibrous roots QTL may be associated with other morpho-physiological traits and seed yield in soybean. Genetic dissection of the fibrous roots trait at the individual marker loci will allow for marker-assisted selection to develop soybean genotypes with enhanced levels of fibrous roots.

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