Crizotinib, a small-molecule dual inhibitor of the c-Met and ALK receptor tyrosine kinases

Scott J Rodig, Geoffrey I Shapiro
Current Opinion in Investigational Drugs 2010, 11 (12): 1477-90
Crizotinib (PF-02341066), under development by Pfizer, is an orally bioavailable, ATP-competitive, small-molecule inhibitor of the receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) c-Met (also known as hepatocyte growth factor receptor) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), for the potential treatment of cancers dependent on these oncogenic kinases for growth and survival. Since the first published characterizations of crizotinib only a few years ago, the drug has been extensively validated as a highly specific inhibitor of c-Met and ALK among > 120 different RTKs surveyed. In preclinical tumor xenograft studies, crizotinib inhibited the growth and survival of cell lines dependent upon c-Met or ALK enzymatic activity. Crizotinib has been particularly effective against anaplastic large cell lymphoma and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines that harbor ALK translocations resulting in expression of oncogenic ALK fusion proteins. During early-stage clinical testing, crizotinib was well tolerated and produced dramatic antitumor activity in patients with ALK-rearranged NSCLC. At the time of publication, an ongoing phase III clinical trial is comparing crizotinib with standard second-line chemotherapy in previously treated patients with NSCLC harboring ALK rearrangement, and a phase III trial comparing crizotinib with standard chemotherapy in the first-line setting in non-squamous lung cancer is planned. Thus, in the future, crizotinib is expected to become a highly used therapeutic for the treatment of ALK-rearranged tumors.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"