An integrated, valveless system for microfluidic purification and reverse transcription-PCR amplification of RNA for detection of infectious agents

Kristin A Hagan, Carmen R Reedy, Mari L Uchimoto, Dipanwita Basu, Daniel A Engel, James P Landers
Lab on a Chip 2011 March 7, 11 (5): 957-61
We describe the first miniaturized device capable of the front-end sample preparation essential for detecting RNA-based infectious agents. The microfluidic device integrates sample purification and reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) amplification for the identification and detection of influenza A. The device incorporates a chitosan-based RNA binding phase for the completely aqueous isolation of nucleic acids, avoiding the PCR inhibitory effects of guanidine and isopropanol used in silica-based extraction methods. The purified nucleic acids and the reagents needed for single-step RT-PCR amplification are fluidically mobilized simultaneously to a PCR chamber. Utilizing infrared (IR)-mediated heating allowed for a > 5-fold decrease in RT-PCR analysis time compared to a standard thermal cycling protocol used in a conventional thermal cycler. Influenza A virus [A/PR/8/34 (H1N1)] was used as a simulant in this study for virus-based infectious and biowarfare agents with RNA genomes, and was successfully detected in a mock nasal swab sample at clinically relevant concentrations. Following on-chip purification, a fragment specific to the influenza A nucleoprotein gene was first amplified via RT-PCR amplification using IR-mediated heating to achieve more rapid heating and cooling rates. This was initially accomplished on a two-chip system to optimize the SPE and RT-PCR, and then translated to an integrated SPE-RT-PCR device.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"